Vaccinations & Immunizations

Vaccines are key to staying healthy– and preventing the spread of disease.
Vaccine-preventable diseases have a costly impact, resulting in doctor’s visits, hospitalizations, and premature deaths. Sick children can also cause parents to lose time from work.

Why childhood vaccines are so important

If a child is not vaccinated and is exposed to a disease germ, the child’s body may not be strong enough to fight the disease. Before vaccines, many children died from diseases that vaccines now prevent, such as whooping cough, measles, and polio.

Immunization also slows down or stops disease outbreaks, which benefits the whole community.


Vaccination: a safe choice

Myths and misinformation about vaccine safety can confuse parents who are trying to make sound decisions about their children’s health care. At MDSTAT Urgent Care, we want you to be as informed as possible. We encourage you to learn more about the vaccines we provide at all of our locations:

Shingles

What is shingles?

Shingles is a painful skin rash, often with blisters. It usually appears on one side of the face or body and lasts from 2 to 4 weeks. Its main symptom is pain, which can be severe. Other symptoms can include fever, headache, chills and upset stomach. For about 1 person in 5, severe pain can continue even long after the rash clears up.

Shingles is caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox. Only someone who has had chickenpox – or, rarely, has gotten chickenpox vaccine – can get shingles. You can’t catch shingles from another person with shingles.

Shingles is far more common in people 50 years of age and older. It’s also more common in people whose immune systems are weakened because of a disease such as cancer, or drugs such as steroids or chemotherapy.

Shingles vaccine

In clinical trials, the vaccine reduced the risk of shingles by 50%. It can also reduce pain in people who still get shingles after being vaccinated. A single dose of shingles vaccine is recommended for adults 60 years of age and older.

A person should not get this vaccine if they:

  • Have ever had a life-threatening allergic reaction to any component of shingles vaccine. Tell your doctor if you have any severe allergies.
  • Are pregnant, or might be pregnant.
  • Have a weakened immune system

If you have questions about this or any vaccine, please contact us.


Tetanus

Why get vaccinated?

Tetanus (Lockjaw) causes painful muscle spasms, usually all over the body. It kills about 1 out of 5 people who are infected. It can lead to tightening of the jaw muscles so the victim cannot open his mouth or swallow. Diptheria causes a thick covering in the back of the throat that can lead to breathing problems or paralysis, even death. Pertussis (Whooping Cough) causes severe coughing spells, vomiting, and disturbed sleep.
Tetanus enters the body through cuts or scratches. Diptheria and Pertussis are spread from person to person.

Td and Tdap vaccines

Td protects against Tetanus and Diptheria. Tdap protects against all three diseases.

Which vaccine, and when?

  • Tdap: for adolescents to help protect them from Pertussus
  • Tdap: for adults under 65 who expect to have close contact with an infant
  • Tdap: for healthcare workers under 65
  • Tdap: for new mothers as soon as possible after delivery
  • Td: all adults should get a booster every 10 years. Adults under 65 who have never gotten Tdap should
  • substitute it for the next booster dose.

Protection After a Wound

A person who gets a severe cut or burn might need a dose of Td or Tdap to prevent tetanus infection. Tdap may be used for people who have never had a dose. But Td should be used if Tdap is not available, or for:
anybody who has already had a dose of Tdap, children 7 through 9 years of age, or adults 65 and older.

Tdap and Td may be given at the same time as other vaccines.:gh fever, difficulty breathing, hoarseness, dizziness or swelling of the throat.

If you have questions about this or any vaccine, please contact us.


Meningococcal disease (Meningitis)

Meningitis is a serious bacterial illness.

Meningitis is an infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord, and also causes blood infections. It is fatal for 1 in 10 who contract the disease, and 11-19% who survive it have severe and permanent injuries.

Who is at risk?

  • Anyone, but it’s most common in infants. College freshmen who live in dormitories, and teenagers 15-19 are at increased risk.

Two types of vaccine

  • MCV4 for patients 2 to 55
  • MPSV4 for patients over 55

Who should get the vaccine?

  • Children and adolescents 11-18
  • College freshmen living in dormitories.
  • U.S. military recruits
  • Anyone traveling to Africa or parts of the world where the disease is common
  • Anyone who may have been exposed during an outbreak
  • Who should not get it, or wait?
  • Anyone with a severe allergic reaction to any component of the vaccine
  • Anyone who is severely ill
  • Pregnant women, unless it’s clearly needed

If you have questions about this or any vaccine, please contact us.


Hepatitis

What is hepatitis B?

It’s a serious disease that affects the liver, caused by a virus. It’s spread through contact with the blood or other body fluids of an infected person. Someone can become infected by:

  • Contact with the mother’s blood during birth
  • Breaks in the skin
  • Contact with infected objects like toothbrushes or razors
  • Having unprotected sex with an infected person
  • Sharing needles while injecting drugs
  • Being stuck with a used needle
  • Who should get vaccinated?
  • Infants at birth, with completion of doses by 18 months
  • Those 18 and younger who did not get the vaccine as babies
  • Men who have sex with men
  • Those who have multiple sexual partners
  • Anyone whose job exposes them to human blood
  • Those with HIV
  • Staff/residents in institutions for the developmentally disabled
  • Travelers with destinations where Hepatitis B is common
  • People with chronic liver or kidney disease

Who should not get vaccinated?

  • Anyone with severe allergies to baker’s yeast or any other component of the vaccine
  • Anyone who is moderately or severely ill should wait until they recover

If you have questions about this or any vaccine, please contact us.


Influenza

Influenza (“the Flu”) is a contagious virus.

  • Spread by coughing or sneezing
  • Symptoms include fever, cough, chills, headache, fatigue and sore throat
  • Lasts for several days
  • Can severely affect infants, the elderly, pregnant women and make some conditions worse
  • Can require hospitalization and even lead to death

There are two types of flu vaccines.

  • “Live” vaccine contains a weak version of the virus. It’s sprayed into the nostrils.
  • Inactive virus (the “flu shot”) is injected.

Influenza viruses are always changing, so annual vaccination is recommended. Protection starts after two weeks and lasts about a year. The live vaccine is recommended for most healthy people between the ages of 2 and 49.

Who should get a flu shot instead of the nasal spray?

  • Adults 50 and older
  • Children younger than 5 with asthma or wheezing episodes within the last year
  • Pregnant women
  • Those with long-term health problems (heart, lung, liver or kidney disease, or anemia)
  • Asthmatics
  • Diabetics
  • Those with seizure disorders
  • Anyone with a weakened immune system
  • Children or adolescents on long-term aspirin treatment

What protection will the vaccinations provide?

Provides protection against A/H1N1 (pandemic) influenza and two other influenza viruses– influenza A/H3N2 and influenza B. By getting vaccinated you can protect yourself and avoid spreading influenza to others.

If you have questions about this or any vaccine, please contact us.


Travelers

In addition to the other vaccines, travelers need to be inoculated against Hepatitis A, Typhoid Fever and Yellow Fever.

Typhoid Fever

If you are traveling to a country where typhoid is common, you should consider being vaccinated against typhoid. We’ll be happy to discuss your vaccination options.

Remember that you will need to complete your vaccination at least 1 week before you travel so that the vaccine has time to take effect. Typhoid vaccines lose effectiveness after several years; if you were vaccinated in the past, check with your doctor to see if it is time for a booster vaccination.
Typhoid fever is common in most parts of the world except in industrialized regions such as the United States, Canada, western Europe, Australia, and Japan. Therefore, if you are traveling to the developing world, you should consider taking precautions. Over the past 10 years, travelers from the United States to Asia, Africa, and Latin America have been especially at risk.

Yellow Fever

Yellow fever can be prevented by vaccination. Travelers should also take precautions against mosquito bites when in areas with yellow fever transmission. Travelers should get vaccinated for yellow fever before visiting areas where yellow fever is found. If you continue to live or travel in yellow fever-endemic areas, you should receive a booster dose of yellow fever vaccine after 10 years.

In the United States, the vaccine is given only at designated yellow fever vaccination centers. International regulations require proof of yellow fever vaccination for travel to and from certain countries. People who get vaccinated should be given an International Certificate of Vaccination. Also note that the vaccine is to be given 10 days before travel to an endemic area.

If you have questions about this or any vaccine, please contact us.


Tdap

What is the Tdap vaccine?

Tdap is a booster vaccine for older children, adolescents, and adults. It safely protects against 3 dangerous diseases: tetanus, diphtheria, and whooping cough (also called pertussis).

Pertussis – also known as whooping cough, is a contagious disease that causes violent coughing fits that make it hard to breathe. It spreads easily when someone with the disease coughs or sneezes. The symptoms can last for months. Whooping cough is particularly dangerous for young babies.

Tetanus – causes a severe, painful tightening (spasms) of muscles, including of the jaw (‘lockjaw’), which can limit swallowing and breathing.

Diphtheria – is a throat infection that can lead to breathing problems, paralysis, heart failure and death.

Who should get the vaccination?

  • Students entering seventh though 12th grades are now required by California state law to be vaccinated against whooping cough. Students will need to show proof of having received a booster shot after the age of 7 or they will not be allowed to start school.
  • Everyone between the ages of 11 and 64 are urged to get the vaccine, especially adults who are in contact with children.
  • Pregnant women to protect their babies.